Horbury is a historic town in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, with a rich heritage dating back to the Middle Ages. The town has 26 listed buildings, many of which are traditional brick and stone homes. Horbury is also home to several heritage organisations, including the Horbury Heritage Trust, which works to preserve the town’s history and culture. Some of our projects have included hot lime pointing on several of the town’s historic buildings. This type of masonry repair is vital for preserving the integrity of Horbury’s heritage buildings. We have undertaken many other projects, including masonry surface repairs and brickwork replacement on some of the town’s older homes. These projects are essential for keeping Horbury’s historical homes in good condition and ensuring that future generations can enjoy them.
Horbury is a historic town in England with a rich architectural heritage. The town’s name is derived from the old English word for “dirty land.” It was the birthplace of John Carr, a noted architect responsible for many significant historic buildings. One of these buildings is St Peters Church, completed in 1794. Another is the Town Hall, which was built by Henry Fallas, a Horbury stone mason, and opened in 1903 as the new offices of the Horbury urban district council. The library also benefited from a grant made by the Carnegie Foundation and opened its doors to the public in 1906. Today, Horbury remains an important centre of heritage preservation, with many of its historic buildings still standing – testimony to the skill of its early architects.
As heritage bricklayers, we are thrilled to have been awarded the contract to carry out conservation work on this grade 2 listed building. The building is located in Horbury, Wakefield and is of significant historical importance. We are honoured to have been entrusted with its care. The work involved replacing many bricks around the window reveals and on the external walls of the building. To ensure that the new bricks matched the originals as closely as possible, we sourced them locally.
We replaced the bricks to repair extensive damage caused by erosion. Erosion is a natural process that human activities can accelerate. In this case, the erosion was likely caused by weathering and exposure to pollution. In addition, we used lime mortar for pointing to maintain the integrity of the brickwork. The brickwork repairs were carried out with great care and attention to detail, and we are pleased to say that the building has now been restored to its former glory. These heritage bricklaying techniques are important to preserve our history and heritage for future generations. These skills are essential to keep our heritage alive.
This Grade II listed building was built between 1770 and 1775 for John Bayldon. It was initially called Sunroyd House or possibly Little Thornes House because the design is similar to Thornes House in Wakefield. In 1790, the house was conveyed to John Carr, lawyer, the nephew of John Carr, the architect, who was born in Horbury in 1723. Carr bought Sunroyd House in 1789 and renamed it “Carr Lodge”. The mansion was originally a private house within landscaped gardens, including a historic walled garden.
Brickwork is a unique and ancient craft used to create some of the most iconic buildings in history. Today, brickwork still plays a vital role in heritage preservation. When brickwork repairs are required, using the same materials and methods used in the original construction is important. In this project, we rebuilt part of the chimney stack and raked out and re-pointed the brickwork using NHL 3.5 ironstone mortar as specified by Womersley’s.
Unfortunately, we were not asked to assess and specify this project; masonry assessment and specification are vital to heritage preservation. When preserving the historic fabric of a listed building, it is vital to use materials compatible with the original construction. Finding suitable materials be challenging, as many traditional building materials are no longer produced. For this project, we would have matched the historic mortar using quicklime and local matching aggregates, adding pozzolans where needed. Using this specification would have ensured that the repair work was compatible with the existing masonry and would have helped to preserve the historic character of the building.
As our cities continue to grow and develop, it is important to preserve our heritage buildings and monuments. One way to do this is through heritage bricklaying. This bricklaying involves using traditional methods and materials to repair and maintain existing structures. Heritage bricklayers must deeply understand how these structures were built to restore them properly. In many cases, the bricks used in heritage bricklaying are no longer manufactured, so it is important to understand where these bricks can be sourced. Using traditional techniques and materials, heritage bricklayers help preserve our built heritage for future generations.
Lime mortar is the key to heritage bricklaying. It’s much more flexible than modern cement, allowing bricks to expand and contract with temperature changes, preventing cracks from forming. Lime mortar is also more porous than cement, allowing water vapour escapes from the brickwork, preventing further damage. As Heritage bricklayers, we are passionate about using traditional techniques and materials to repair and preserve our built heritage. We use lime mortar instead of cement when carrying out brickwork repairs. And if a brick needs to be replaced, we ensure to match it to the existing bricks as closely as possible. By using traditional methods, we help to ensure that our heritage is preserved for future generations.
Traditional building materials are important because of their porosity; they allow moisture to be absorbed and removed. It is necessary to use porous materials to match the functionality of the building. Historically, lime was used almost everywhere that moisture was present. Air lime mortar absorbs and disperses water vapour and helps regulate humidity levels. Hot lime torching would be used to line roof beams and tiles. Lime plaster or render would be used to cover and protect walls,
Hot lime mortar was used to build masonry structures, and hot lime wash was used to paint the walls and windows. Hot lime mortar removes moisture from the fabric of your building; breathable paints and surface sealers do not allow water to escape, causing masonry to decay. NHL (natural hydraulic lime) is not recommended for repairing traditional homes because it is not as effective at moisture regulation. Therefore, when undertaking masonry repairs or brick replacement, it is important to use a lime-pointing mixture that will allow your home to breathe.
Masonry conservation is of the utmost importance when it comes to listed buildings. In many cases, brickwork repairs and masonry replacement are necessary to maintain the structure’s integrity. However, it is essential to use traditional techniques and materials to match the existing brickwork. Standard brick repairs often include the use of lime mortar, as well as hand-made bricks that are shaped and coloured to match the originals.
Heritage bricklaying and heritage masonry conservation are important practices that help ensure our buildings last for generations. By understanding the causes of masonry deterioration and taking steps to avoid it, we can ensure that our heritage buildings stand the test of time. One cause of masonry deterioration is erosion, which can occur when water or other liquids run down and penetrate the surface of the masonry. Trapped moisture can cause the masonry to expand and contract, which can lead to cracking and flaking. In addition, freeze-thaw cycles can also damage masonry, as water that expands during freezing can cause cracks to form.
It is very important to use the right materials when undertaking masonry replacement, as using the wrong materials can actually speed up the deterioration process. For example, using modern cement-based mortars on traditional masonry buildings can actually cause more damage than good, as the cement traps water vapour into the masonry and causes it to break down. In addition, masonry that is not properly cared for with the right materials is more susceptible to damage from weathering and dampness. By understanding the causes of masonry deterioration and taking steps to prevent it, we can ensure that our heritage buildings stand the test of time.
If you have a brick masonry structure, it’s important to be aware of the various ways to conserve it. Different services are used in masonry conservation, depending on the needs of the structure. Mortar assessment, specification, hot lime pointing, and brick replacement are all methods that can be used to preserve masonry. Masonry surface repairs are also an option for those who want to keep their masonry looking its best. Our team at The Yorkshire Lime Company have years of experience in all aspects of masonry conservation. We can provide various services to meet your needs. If you are concerned about the condition of your masonry structure, please don’t hesitate to contact us for a consultation.